How Do States and Districts Use Federal Funds To Improve Educator Effectiveness?

Eric Isenberg
Eric Isenberg

Title II, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 provides over $2 billion per year to states and districts to support effective instruction and to decrease achievement gaps. A new report, State and District Use of Title II, Part A Funds in 2018-19, summarizes state and district funding priorities. Here are some of the findings:

  • Half of the states and a quarter of the districts used flexibility provisions introduced in the latest reauthorization of ESEA, the Every Student Succeeds Act. States commonly reserved funds to support principals and other school leaders and districts transferred Title II-A funds to Title 1-A (Education for the Disadvantaged) and other programs.
  • The largest use of district Title II-A funds was for professional development (58% of spending), most often focused on improving instructional practice and teacher content knowledge in English language arts and in STEM.
  • Title II-A funds also supported district efforts to reduce class size (18% of spending) and recruiting and retaining effective educators (13% of spending).
Ann Webber
Ann Webber

Senior Study Directors, Eric Isenberg and Ann Webber co-authored the report.

Read the full report: https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/pubs/2021006/.

Related information:

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