All Projects

Do time limits in SNAP improve employment outcomes?

Assessing effects of the SNAP time limit

Policymakers seeking to reduce dependence and encourage work consider work requirements and time limits important components of public assistance programs. It is, therefore, important to investigate the impact of these requirements on program participation and employment.

For the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), we examined the effects of work requirements on 1 group of participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), referred to as able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs). People subject to the ABAWD work requirement face a time limit of 3 months of SNAP within a 36-month period in which they do not meet the work requirement.

We examined the effect of the reinstatement of the ABAWD time limit following the Great Recession on SNAP participation and benefits, employment, and earnings, using SNAP administrative data obtained from 9 states—Alabama, Colorado, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Vermont.

We used quasi-experimental methods and multivariate analysis to estimate these impacts and account for pre-existing differences in SNAP participants and any simultaneous effects of time and improving economic conditions.

We found that the reinstatement of the time limit significantly reduced ABAWD SNAP participation and benefits; however, we did not find evidence that the reinstatement of the time limit improved employment and earnings of ABAWDs.

See the FNS website for the full report: The Impact of SNAP Able Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) Time Limit Reinstatement in Nine States | Food and Nutrition Service

Want to work with us?
You’ll be in great company.

About Us Careers

Westat Employees.
Westat Employee.
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
Baltimore Metropolitan Council
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning
DC Public Schools
Georgia Department of Transportation
Internal Revenue Service
Leadership Montgomery
Maryland Cancer Registry
Michigan Department of Health and Human Services
National Science Foundation
NYC Mayor’s Office for Economic Opportunity
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Social Security Administration
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Teach for America
Texas Education Agency
The Johns Hopkins University
The National Institutes of Health
The Verizon Foundation
U.S. Department of Agriculture
U.S. Department of Education
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. Department of Transportation
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
University of Maryland Baltimore Campus
University of Michigan
University System of Maryland
Explore Our Clients

Please wait...

Forbes 2022 The Best Employers for Women Powered by Statista Forbes 2021 The Best Employers for Veterans Powered by Statista

Westat is an Equal Opportunity Employer and does not discriminate on the basis of race, creed, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, veteran status, disability, marital status, sexual orientation, citizenship status, genetic information, gender identity or expression, or any other protected status under applicable law. Notices to Employees & Applicants.