WIC Infant &Toddler Feeding Practices Study 2 (ITFPS-2):Feeding My Baby—A National WIC Study longitudinal study birth 5 years Research focus explore feeding practices and effect of WIC services on themdocument health and nutrition outcomes of children on WICupdate understanding of WIC families since the Infant Feeding Practices Study 1 (IFPS-1) 20+ years ago The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides nutrition assistance to pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women, and their infants and children up to age 5. More than 50% of infants born in the U.S. receive WIC services Methods 80 National WIC sites across 27 states and territories 3,777 mothers/caregivers web survey with WIC staff telephone interviews (English/Spanish) WIC administrativerecords Research findings WIC mothers’ prenatal views of breastfeeding are very positive 88% say it brings a mother closer to her baby 81% say it helps protect the baby from disease Prenatally, more of the women consulted with WIC staff (68%) about the decision to breastfeed than consulted with their doctors (51%). Breastfeeding rates have risen 48% increase in breastfeeding initiation rate since the IFPS-1 ITFPS-2 83% 42% Initiation 3 Months 7 Months 12 Months IFPS-1 56% 21% 12% 7% 26% 18% Introducing foods too early has become much less prevalent 62% of caregivers introduced foods before 4 months in IFPS-1 only 20% of ITFPS-2 caregivers introduced foods that early BABYCEREAL months Meats Vegetables Fruits Baby Cereal 6 5 4 3.5 IFPS-1 8 6 6 5 Median age (in months) infants were introduced to complementary foods by food group ITFPS-2 WIC’s influence on mothers is empowering 59% of study mothers turned to WIC for infant and toddler feeding information. 60% of study mothers changed how they feed themselves and their families because of WIC. Most common changes included choosing healthier foods and eating more fruits and vegetables. 95% of study mothers who breastfed agreed WIC played an important role in the decision to breastfeed. Learn more about the WIC Infant & Toddler Feeding Practices Study 2